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Chavez & Valko, LLP



Dallas 214-251-8011

Fort Worth 817-332-1100

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B-1/B-2 Visitor, F-1 Student and Other Visas

B-1 Business Visitor

Business visitors may be admitted for the purpose of engaging in business, but not for the purpose of being employed for financial gain while in the U.S.

Business activities that are not employment are permitted. Such activities include, but are not limited to:

  • Attending conventions, conferences, and other business-related meetings
  • Engaging in commercial transactions that do not involve gainful employment
  • Consulting with business associates
  • Procuring goods, components, or raw materials for use outside the U.S.
  • Participating in litigation

B-2 Tourist

A visitor for pleasure, or tourist, may enter the U.S. with a B-2 visa if he or she will temporarily visit the U.S. for legitimate activities of a recreational character, including but not limited to: tourism; amusement; visits with friends or relatives; medical treatment and social events.

F-1 Student

A person seeking a full course of study at a designated school may receive a visa. The spouse and children (under 21 years of age) of a student may be granted lawful status in the U.S. (F-2 visa).

In some cases, work authorization is available for students:

  • Curricular Practical Training (CPT) – This type of employment is part of the student’s school curriculum which may include internships, cooperative education, and any other type of program offered by employers in association with the school.
  • Optional Practical Training (OPT) – OPT is a type of employment related to the student’s major field of study. It is available during the course of study, while on school vacation, and after completion of all degree course requirements or entire course of study.
  • On-Campus Employment – This type of employment allows the student to work on campus part-time (not exceeding 20 hours per week).
  • Severe Economic Hardship – In some cases, if a student can show severe economic hardship due to unforeseeable circumstances beyond the student’s control, then employment could be available if they are in good academic standing, continue to carry a full-time course load, and show that on-campus employment is not available or insufficient.

Prior to seeking employment as a student, it is highly recommended that the student first consult with the designated school advisor.

If the student is not complying with the school’s curriculum, or is engaged in unauthorized work, it is important to seek legal advice right away. Such acts can ruin the possibility of attaining immigration benefits in the future and puts the student at risk of deportation. In some instances, it is possible to reinstate the student’s status to avoid deportation.

  • “Dear Mr. Valko,
    I would like to say a BIG THANK YOU for working with me and resolving my problem with changing of my F-1 nonimmigrant status. As you know my family had to overcome a lot of difficulties which were increased by two previous denial decisions on my case. I felt frustrated and hopeless. But your skillfulness and motivation reassured me in high probability of positive outcome, even if sometimes the situation looked unfavorable to me. You requested a humanitarian expedited processing in my case and stayed in touch with USCIS until the change of status was approved literally 20 minutes before my school deadline.Thanks to your ability to overcome those obstacles I’ve received an approval decision.

    I want to thank you for all the work that you performed for me preparing all the supporting documents perfectly. In my opinion, you were able to select and summarize in the best possible way all the documentation we provided, presenting it in the most favorable light. Thank you for the persistently professional and dedicated service you and your team provided in the process of me obtaining the change of my nonimmigrant status.

    My special thanks to your paralegal Anya Schendeler who showing her adequate response, efficiency and responsibility always made very clear and easy to understand what you needed from me, for when, and most importantly why. She forwarded me your answers to every single question I had in a timely manner with patience and compassion.
    I really appreciated all your attention and dedication on my case. I am glad that our relations were based on mutual trust, understanding and respect. I would strongly recommend your services to anyone for any immigration matters.

    Sincerely, Natalia M.”

    – Tyler, TX (Change of Status to F-1 with F-2 dependent with previous denials and deferred action)

M-1 Vocational Students

A person seeking a full course of study at an approved vocational institution may receive a visa. The spouse and unmarried children are granted lawful status (M-2).

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“Mr. Chavez I cannot THANK YOU enough for helping us in reuniting our family. The WAIVER you completed for my husband was EXCELLENT. We will forever be grateful to you and your professional staff. I knew from my first consultation that you were sincere about helping your clients. You are an example of what a great attorney is. I HIGHLY recommend your law firm to everyone.“

– Elizabeth C., Crowley, TX (I-601 Waiver of inadmissibility in Cd. Juarez, Mexico)

“I am the General Counsel for a global internet security company. I have been working with Martin and his team for over three years on immigration matters including permanent residence, intracompany-transferee, investor’s, and H-1B matters. My experience has been outstanding. Martin or anyone in the firm always respond promptly and professionally. I usually work on very tight deadline and Martin and his team have always helped us achieve our goals. In my experience in comparison to working with other immigration lawyers, Chavez & Valko makes the complicated and burdensome process feel like a breeze. I would recommend Chavez & Valko to anyone who wants precision, promptness and professionalism.”

– Alexandra Albro, General Counsel, ESET ESET

“My husband WAS detained in a detention center, facing the possibility of deportation. As of today, my husband is home . . with the judge granting his cancellation of removal, and he was able to keep his permanent resident status here in the United States. . . The law firm of Chavez & Valko was wonderful to work with, guiding us through this long and difficult process with such conviction and compassion, that they gave my family and I that peace of mind of hope and encouragement that everything will be fine. . . I highly recommend the law firm of Chavez & Valko to anyone with immigration matter(s). . . Please continue doing what you do because you guys really do change lives. ”

– Removal client, Dallas, TX (Cancellation of Removal of Lawful Permanent Resident)

“My family and I would like to thank the attorneys from the immigration law firm of Chavez & Valko LLP for the great work fulfilled in my immigration case which had a happy ending. . . the immigration law argued that a criminal case like the one I had was eligible for deportation and my options were minimal. . . With their experience and great knowledge in immigration law, their perseverance and professionalism, they were able to win my case in my favor in Dallas immigration court (EOIR). I would like to give special thanks to the law firm of Chavez & Valko, who was with us at all times giving us support, security and great optimism.”

– Cecilio & Family, Dallas, TX (Defense against deportation in immigration court with 212(h) Waiver and Cuban Adjustment)

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